Canada Caregivers: Pathways to Permanent Residence

Canada has many immigration pathways to facilitate permanent residence in Canada for eligible foreign caregivers. The following are the recently terminated pathways to permanent residence for caregivers:

  • Permanent residence through the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP).
  • Caring for Children
  • Caring for People with High Medical Needs.
  • Interim Pathway for Caregivers.
  • Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots.

Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)

Although the LCP is officially closed to new applicants, individuals can apply for permanent residence through this program if:

  • They have at least two years of work experience in the program,
  • They are already working in Canada with an LCP work permit; or
  • They were approved for their LCP work permit based on an employer's positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

Caring for Children

In order to qualify for Canadian Immigration under the Caring for Children program, caregivers must:

  • Have a minimum of 24 months of full-time work experience in Canada as a home childcare provider, with a valid work permit.
  • Meet the description of a home childcare provider.
  • Have completed one-year Canadian post-secondary credential, or equivalent foreign credential proven with an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).
  • Prove minimum language ability of Canadian Language Benchmark.

Applicants must have cared for children under the age of 18. Caregivers do not need to have lived in their employer’s home to be considered eligible. Foster parents are not eligible to apply under this program.

Caring for People with High Medical Needs

In order to qualify for Canadian Immigration under the Caring for People with High Medical Needs program, caregivers must have:

  • A minimum of 24 months of full-time work experience in Canada.
  • Demonstration of a license to practice in Canada if work experience in Canada was as a registered nurse or registered psychiatric nurse.
  • Completed a one-year Canadian post-secondary credential, or equivalent foreign credential proven with an ECA.

Interim Pathway for Caregivers

The Interim Pathway for Caregivers is for caregivers who:

  • Are authorized to work in Canada on a work permit other than a Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) work permit.
  • Intend to reside in a province or territory other than Quebec.
  • Have acquired at least one year of full-time Canadian work experience in an eligible caregiver occupation.
  • Have a Canadian high school diploma or equivalent foreign credential proven with an ECA.

Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker Pilots

The Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot replace the Caring for Children and Caring for People with High Medical Needs pilots and provide eligible caregivers with a pathway to permanent residence once they’ve acquired two years of Canadian work experience.

  • Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4411will be eligible for permanent residence.
  • Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4412 will be eligible for permanent residence.

The pilots also provide:

  • Occupation-specific work permits for caregivers, providing the ability to change jobs quickly if necessary.
  • Openwork permits for spouses/common-law partners and study permits for dependent children, to allow the caregiver’s family to accompany them to Canada.

Each program will accept a maximum of 2,750 principal applicants each, for a total of 5,500 principal applicants, per year.